8 different kinds of leave 5l1p 1

Learn When to Take Which Type of Vacation with These 8 Tips

Learn When to Take Which Type of Vacation with These 8 Tips

Every company provides some kind of leave, either paid or unpaid, to help their employees achieve a better work-life balance. While the particulars may vary by firm, all businesses offer roughly the same sorts of office leave.

In addition, several companies provide their workers with additional sorts of leaves as an added benefit. How many different kinds of office leaves are there, though, and what exactly are they?

This blog post lists and describes eight distinct types of leaves that Indian companies provide their employees. I say, “Shall we?”

India has 8 distinct categories of paid time off.

Now, let’s take a deeper look at the various leaves that Indian businesses have to offer:

1. Casual Leave

Most workers take advantage of casual leave policies. Employees use these types of breaks when they need to take off a day or two from work to deal with personal issues, which might arise at any time.

Businesses typically permit employees to take off between three and five days per month for unscheduled time off.

Let’s examine temporary casual leaves:

  • Half-day leave

Half-day leaves, as the name suggests, are leaves that are taken for only half a day. This means that the employee can choose to take off either the morning or the afternoon.

Taking care of mundane errands like visiting the bank, attending PTMs, etc., can cause disruptions in one’s personal and professional life, hence employers often grant employees time off to handle these issues. Employees absolutely need these types of absences, since they allow them to maintain a work-life balance.

  • One-day leave

One-day breaks are the most often taken sort of leave in the workplace, and they are typically taken when an employee needs a little break or simply wants a day off to tend to personal matters.

2. Earned/Vacation/Privilege Leave

Privilege leaves, often called acquired leaves, are paid days off that an employee earns through their hard work and dedication over the year. Depending on the sector, an employee may be eligible for fewer than 18 privilege leaves every year, during which they are free to ditch work and focus on themselves.

Except in cases of exigency, employees often need their bosses’ permission before taking privilege leave.

Workers would love this form of leave since they could cash them in if they didn’t want to use them or save them up for a longer vacation in the future.

3 Sick Leave/Medical Leave

As the name implies, sick or medical leaves are the type of office leaves used when an employee falls sick and cannot come to work. An employee is authorized to sick leaves after having worked with a company for a set time.

Each company provides a various number of sick leaves to its employees. Since sickness is unexpected, no earlier allusion is necessary while applying for sick/medical leaves. However, some companies expect a medical certificate from the doctor’s office asserting the employee’s ill health.

4. Maternity Leave

Childbirth is a miracle, but working women anticipating a child may find it hard to coordinate work and health. To make life manageable for them, most Indian companies have the provision of maternity leaves- the type of leaves available for women employees who are pregnant and are expecting a child soon.

Maternity leaves are also accepted in case of miscarriage/abortion but the span of leaves in this situation is 6 weeks (as per the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961). While the term of maternity leave may change in each company, usually the compensated maternity leave is 10-30 weeks.

The same can be stretched with unpaid leaves for up to 16 months.

5. Paternity leaves

Male employees who are expecting a child are eligible for this kind of paternity leave. Paternity leave is applied leading or immediately after the advent of the baby. Paternity leaves are still not widely offered by private Indian businesses, despite the fact that all reputable employers now offer them.

Depending on your company’s culture, paternity leave regulations may differ, so it’s best to get the specifics from HR.

6. Sabbatical Leave

Companies sometimes offer sabbaticals to workers so that they can improve their skills and knowledge in order to be more valuable to the company in the future.

An employee can apply for a sabbatical for education development, family/health crises, or to take a career break. This type of time off is not granted on the spot, thus preparation is required. To take a sabbatical means to take an extended, typically unpaid break from work.

7. Bereavement leave

Companies typically grant employees bereavement leaves in the event of a death in the immediate family. The firm foots the bill for this form of leave, and while there are no rules that require businesses to provide bereavement leaves, many do so out of kindness.

Although bereavement breaks are a relatively new idea in India, they are one of the most important forms of leaves for an employee. Workers can take use of bereavement time off to grieve, attend a funeral, or take care of any other personal or legal matters that may arise.

8. Marriage leave

The purpose of this form of leave is to celebrate a wedding, either the employee’s own or a member of their immediate family. Employees can use this form to request time off work so that they can be married or attend the wedding of a close friend or relative without fear of repercussions from their employer.


This blog post covered 10 of the most typical types of leaves taken by office workers. We hope our comprehensive guide to office leaves will help you decide when and how to request time off.

All the best!


  1. I have not checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

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